|Posted by [email protected] on October 18, 2016 at 7:30 AM|
In this vid Dr Ray MacKay explains the importance of nursery rhymes in language acquisition, as well as offering suggested teaching practices.
Children memorise "rhythmic chunks" of language with great ease, making nursery rhymes very useful in class. Learning oracy (how to make sounds) is one of the first thing children must learn and poems and rhymes facilate the task through what MacKay call "the 6 Rs".
The 6 Rs that are key characteristics of all rhymes:
The rhythm, rhyming and repetition make children more receptive and help them remember texts- it scaffolds and supports a text. They lead to reception, retention and reproduction.
Rhymes contain key building blocks for competent comunicication. they present vocabulary, sound clusters and grammatical patterns. in a way that is unconscious to the children. In this way second learners assimilates the language in the same manner that native speakers learn their mother tongue.
Before presenting rhymes, teachers must become familiar with the flow of the rhyme by reading several times to identify the stressing of certain words that produce rhythmical patterns. Then the teacher should read the text to the class. Then the teacher should read one line at a time and have the children repeat choraly.
When asking children to repeat an entire rhyme, the teacher might offer cues like single words or the beginning of a sentence for the children to complete.